Ornamental plants perform a function that goes far beyond decorating an environment or perfuming it, they have psychological and medicinal effects. There are many types of ornamental plants that you should know to decorate and choose suitable for your spaces.
What are they?
Ornamental plants are those that are cultivated and marketed for decorative purposes due to their aesthetic characteristics such as perfume, its leaves, flowers, foliage, stems and fruits in gardens and landscape designs. They are usually used as indoor plants, for gardens or as cut flore.
They are usually grown outdoors in nurseries under the protection of plastics or greenhouses with controlled temperature. They are usually sold with or without pots to be transplanted in the garden or as indoor plants.
For these plants have commercial value must meet different requirements such as:
- Be resistant to adverse cultivation conditions: tolerate inadequate soil, light or irrigation as well as disease and plague.
- To be able to adapt or genetically manipulate to obtain more durable, showy and large flowers.
Types of ornamental plants
There are many types of ornamental plants:
Trees and shrubs
Some can be grown for food use and ornamental use when used in gardens and in urban areas because of their beauty when they bloom, because of their appearance or foliage. They are elements of visual impact and bring structure to the gardens.
They are plants used in gardens to decorate spaces close to columns and structures. Often placed in hanging pots. They are widely used for their resistance and foliage.
They are used to decorate walls and fences. Some have colorful and white flowers and some have no flowers. They can have leaves of different sizes and shapes.
Aquatic and palustrine
They are perfect for ponds, fish tanks, wells and natural or artificial lakes. They are perfect for indoor and outdoor decoration.
It is common to find them in tropical and dry cities around the world as well as in areas where they are wanted to look tropical. They can be tall or low, with fine or thick logs.
Bulbous and tuberous plants
They have an underground food reserve organ. They are grown for their flowers or foliage. They are very resistant looking beautiful plants.
Cactus and succulent
They are usually used to decorate enclosed spaces, small or open spaces in the case of larger species.
They are plants whose development occurs annually, germinate, Bloom and wither over time. They can be planted following a strategy to enjoy their beauty at a specific time of year.
Used to cover portions of land. Usually used grasses poáceos. They are available in different tones and textures as well as colors and shapes.
They are used for the decoration of some gardens.
They are plants that resist the scarcity of sun.
Examples of ornamental plants
According to its types some examples of ornamental plants are:
Trees and shrubs: Cedars, pine trees, lime trees, orange trees, rhododendrons and Ginkgo Biloba.
Ferns: Asplenes, osmundas and angiopteris. Also include tree ferns such as Dicksonia.
Climbers: Hiedras, pasionaria and the Japanese climbing Fern.
Aquatic and palustrine: Water Lilies, Lotus, irupé, aquatic fern and water lentils.
Palm trees: all of the family Arecaceae, such as Phoenix, Washingtonia, Roystonea, among others, are commonly used. Pseudopalmas such as cicadas and traveler’s palm are also included.
Bulbous and tuberous plants: Jacintos, gladiolos, narcisos and dalias.
Cactus and crases: Aloe vera and cactus of the euphorbia family.
Annuals: Petunias and basil.